The Centre for Cultural Resources and Training (CCRT) has been producing a variety of publications for the benefit of people associated with the field of culture . culture will be enhanced. Students do not often get an opportunity to study actual art objects or reproductions of Indian art. It is hoped that this cultural package. CULTURE OF INDIA ‗Culture' is derived from Latin term ‗cult or cultus' meaning cultivating or refining and worship. The term ‗Sanskriti' has been derived from.
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Indian Art and Culture is the most important topic you have to cover when it comes to the preparation of UPSC Civil Download Art And Culture books for free by CCRT. Yojana Magazine February Download in PDF. The sources from where we can prepare Indian culture. 1. NCERT History books of Class VI, VII, VIII, XI and XII. 2. Indian Culture by SPECTRUM 3. CCRT Notes Pdf Download - Indian Culture Notes Free Download - Nitin Singhania Notes Indian Culture free Book Also Available Click on.
In A cells, only the docetaxel Doc and carboplatin Carbo combination showed a significant radiosensitizing effect with CCRT treatment. Keywords: chemotherapy, radiation, concurrent, sequential, carcinoma, non-small cell lung cancer, cell line Introduction Lung cancer is the most common cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide 1.
Current practice guidelines recommend that these cases be treated with a combination of chemotherapy and thoracic radiation 2. The two used methods of combining these two modalities are concurrent chemoradiation CCRT , defined as chemotherapy administered on the same day as radiotherapy, and sequential chemoradiation SCRT , usually administered as two to four cycles of chemotherapy prior to radiotherapy.
The chemotherapy regimens varied among the trials, but all incorporated a platinum-based agent. The meta-analysis showed that CCRT yielded improved local control and median survival rates, possibly due to its radiosensitizing effect. However, CCRT has been associated with more toxic adverse events, particularly treatment-related mortality and acute esophagitis.
Furthermore, previous trials have exhibited poor patient accrual and have been terminated prematurely, therefore, the statistical power of these studies has been insufficient to detect a significant benefit. The accompanying orchestra consists of a vocalist, a mridangam player, violinist or veena player, a flautist and a cymbal player. The person who conducts the dance recitation is the Nattuvanar.
Mime and gestures were perhaps added later on to make the recitation more effective.
Vaishnavite cult which swept North India in the 15th century. Dance in Raslila, however, was mainly an extension of the basic mime and gestures of the Kathakars or story-tellers which blended easily with the existing traditional dance. In both Hindu and Muslim courts, Kathak became highly stylised and came to be regarded as a sophisticated form of entertainment.
Under the Muslims there was a greater stress on nritya and bhava giving the dance graceful, expressive and sensuous dimensions. The weight of the body is equally distributed along the horizontal and vertical axis. Torso movements emerge from the change of the shoulder line rather than through the manipulations of the backbone or upper chest and lower waist muscles.
Both the drummer here the drum is either a pakhawaj, a type of mridangam, or a pair of tabla and the dancer weave endless combinations on a repetitive melodic line. A poetic line set to music is interpreted with gestures in other numbers, such as the tumri, bhajan, dadra - all lyrical musical compositions.
Both in nritta pure dance and the abhinaya mime there is immense scope for improvisation of presenting variations on a theme. Being the only classical dance of India having links with Muslim culture, it represents a unique synthesis of Hindu and Muslim genius in art.
Further, Kathak is the only form of classical dance wedded to Hindustani or the North Indian music.
One such number is tarangam inspired by the Krishnaleela tarangini of Teerthanarayana Yogi. To show the dexterity of the dancers in footwork and their control and balance over their bodies, techniques like dancing on the rim of a brass plate and with a pitcher full of water on the head was introduced.
Acrobatic dancing became part of the repertoire. A recital of Kuchipudi begins with an invocatory number, as is done in some other classical dance styles. Earlier the invocation was limited to Ganesha Vandana. Now other gods are also invoked. It is followed by nritta, that is, non-narrative and abstract dancing.
A Kuchipudi recital is usually concluded with tarangam.
We pour tremendous time, thought, resources, to bring you Parivarthan. At the end of this article, I embedded download links to my complete GS notes and answer copies. As you start reading the books I mention here for GS mains, please keep the following points in mind: Along with these books, get a printout of the syllabus and read it carefully.
Your final aim must be: for each topic mentioned in the syllabus, you should have enough content to write a word answer.
Use the internet extensively, especially for topics like Science and Tech. Your target must be to gain knowledge, be it through books or through the internet. For all subjects, you have to superimpose current affairs over it, especially for GS-2 and GS For both these papers, current affairs form the nucleus. Give adequate time for revision. Without it, you will not be able to recollect whatever you may have read. So please dedicate enough time to it, whether you are giving a mock test or the actual exam.
Many aspirants commit one fundamental mistake: they read and revise, over and over, but never practise. Your answers are all that he has to judge you. So it makes sense to learn it, practise it and perfect it.
Mains exam demands not only our memory and intelligence but also endurance. If you lack prior practice, writing relentlessly for 6 hours a day and do this for 5 days will cause both mental and physical fatigue. The only way to overcome it is to practice enough before the final exam. General Studies demands only a peripheral understanding of an expansive set of topics. In GS, there will be very few questions where you will have absolutely no clue. Even if you only have a vague idea, write those generic points.